Posts Tagged ‘1984bygeorgeorwell’

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By: Karina Cerrato

The book 1984 start in London, Oceania where our main character is Winston Smith a 39 year old man is a member of the outer party of INGSOC. He works at the Ministry Truth where he destroys and rewrites the articles and history written about the party. Big Brother’s face is everywhere around the country of Oceania and the Party. Winston lives in the building called the Victory Mansion, were he’s fortunate to have an apartment that he can hide from the tele-screen which tell all the propaganda of the party and the Thought Police monitor the citizens’ movements. With his hidden diary he start writing about the two minutes hate where they place an image of their enemies of Oceania in this case is Goldstein leader of the brotherhood. He knows that he doesn’t hate Goldstein but Big Brother who sees also in O’Brien’s eyes. O’Brien is a powerful member of the inner party who Winston thinks believes in Goldstein brotherhood. Without realizing he has written “DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER” repeatedly on a whole page.
Someone knocks the door and it was Mrs. Parsons his neighbor. She was asking him for help plumbing since her husband was away. As he starts fixing he is threatened by Mrs. Parsons’ children who play to be spies, accusing him of thought crime. Mrs. Parsons is afraid of her own children. Winston goes back to his apartment he remembers a dream he had of an man saying to him “We shall meet in the place where there’s no darkness” Which believed it was O’Brian. He also dreams about his mother and family who he can barely remember since his memory is very unclear of his past. He dreams of the “Golden Country” were a women with dark hair get off her cloth in front if him but doesn’t make a deal out of it but likes the fact It rebels against the party. He wakes up with the word “Shakespeare” on his lips. The alarm sound for workers to wake up, which means it’s time for their physical jerks. As his doing his exercise he thinks of his childhood and his relationship of Oceania with Eurasia and Eastasia. The party History tells that Oceania had been always enemies with Eurasia and in alliance with Eastasia and he thinks that it’s not true. Also the fact that Big Brother appear in 1930 even though they didn’t hear about him until 1960.
Winston goes to job at the Ministry were he stars working by destroying the obsolete document and changing their content. He updated an dome tempt in which said about Big Brother orders which he did an mistake. Since Big Brother can’t make any mistakes he change it into a new one and destroy the other document. It also talk about the citizen having less food even though it was changed to have a lot of food instead of less, in which they would believe. That day Winston had to record an speech made in December 1983 by a comrade from the party named captain Ogilvy, one of Big Brother’s officials who was war hero and died in battle. Although The captain Ogilvy doesn’t exist. After work he goes to have lunch with a man named Syme who is very intelligent and passionate about his job. He revise the dictionary of the Newspeak, which is an language that the party wants to imply on the citizens and be their official language. Parson who is a Party Official comes into the restaurant and encourage for Winston to contribute for the Hate week. Then he apologize for what his kids did to him. Suddenly there’s an announcement of the Ministry of Plenty saying there will be an increase of production. Later he realize he had been watched by a dark-hair woman and fears it might be an Party agent.
In the evening Winston writes in his journal about his last sexual encounter with a prostitute.The women who he has sexual encounter was very old but he wanted to have sex with her anyways. Yuck!! Winston remembers that his former wife Katherine hated sex and as soon they realize they couldn’t have kids they separated. Winston writes about the hope of revolution even thought the party can’t be destroyed even the brotherhood can’t because of the lack of money and other needs defeating the thought police. Also over 85% of the population of Oceania could easily make enough power to over come the thought police. However the ignorant, animalistic lives and the loss of energy and interest of the revolt don’t let them see the party is oppressing them. Winston see though the children history books in which he find out how the party were the ones who made the buildings, in which is not true. London was a destroyed with the building collapsing.
Winston starts remembering the time were he caught the party lying in the 1960s. He saw some leaders sitting in the Chestnut Tree Café were he photograph the two men letting they were once part of the league with the party and supposedly where at the party function force to confess to their false crimes. Unfortunately Winston threw and distort the photograph because he had the fear of been caught. Winston ends up writing a letter in his diary for O’Brien the only person who he believes is on his side. He finish writing his diary by saying ” Freedom is to say that two plus two make four. If that is granted, all else follow”. Then he walks to the prole districts, and envies people’s normal lives. He enters to a pub were he sees an old man who thinks he might have a possible link to the past in which at the end the old man couldn’t tell him nothing since the old man’s memory has ended up been uncertain. He then goes to the store were he bought the dairy and buys a clear glass paperweight with a pink coral center form Mr. Charrington. As he talk with Mr. Charrington, he shows Winston a room with no telescreen were Winston sees a poster saying “Oranges and lemons, say the bells of St.clement’s / you own me three farthings,clay the bells of St. Martin’s. On his way home he sees a dark-hair girl following him. He suddenly imagine him smashing her face with a cobblestone he had with him. He had a lot of fear and decides that the best thing to do is a suicide before they caught him. He takes a coin out of his pocket and looks at Big Borther’s face and can’t help but say the party slogan: “War is Peace, Freedom is Slavery, Ignorance is Strength”.

End of Part 1

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By: Monica Castro
soul     I agree with Winston’s statement, because the “spirit of man”, which could also be interpreted as our soul, is an intrinsic part of a person, the non-material part hehas dominion over. The problem with the society in 1984, is that an individual person who disagrees with the Party, just as Winston, can do very little to change the society he lives in. In order for the “spirit of man” to truly change society, it is necessary that the spirits of men (I mean, thousands of them) unite. It is really very easy to manipulate a single human being, but when you are faced with masses who demand change, then it is hard to deny them the change.

women rockHis belief is applicable today and will be applicable for the rest of human history. For instance, today we live in a society that already has certain ideals set for us, but together we are able to challenge these ideals everyday. An example would be gender inequality. In some countries, men and women are still seen as unequal. Women are challenging this belief by succeeding in their studies and prominent job positions. Who knows maybe some day gender inequality will be part of the past in every country of the world.

Click here for more on gender inequality

Winston’s thoughts on the “spirit of man” apply to history. In history, people have gotten together to overthrow incompetent or abusive leaders, because in their spirit, they are strong and determined in their right to do so. A clear example is the Russian Revolution. People couldn’t stand the incompetence of Tsar Nicholas II, so they got together in protests until he abdicated. Even the soldiers joined the people in the protests. The problem with the Rurussian revssian Revolution, is that people practically transferred power to communist leaders. People were resilient and kept fighting through the civil war. Then, when communist leaders didn’t fully fulfill their promises, people had to draw strength from their spirit once more in order to end with communism. Russian people really have gone through strong tests that prove the resiliency and righteousness of people, who mostly strive equality and freedom.

If you would like to read more about the Russian Revoluton click here

Thanks for reading!

By: Monica Castro

To consider whether Winston’s and Julia’s sexual activity is a political act, it is necessary to define what is such an act. A political act is an act that is to have an effect on the established social order.
winston and julia2
Winston’s and Julia’s sexual activity may not be considered a political act because they are silently evading the Party’s rules, just like breaking the law in secret. Their sexual interactions won’t have an effect on anyone else as long as no one else knows. Therefore, Winston and Julia are not affecting the social order in any way.

It may seem to Winston that his sexual activity with Julia is a political act, because he feels that he is defying the Party by proving the nonsense of it’s doctrines. Besides, he really enjoys his activity with Julia. He felt that if others experienced what he did with  Julia, they would also know that the Party is wrong and then a real change will come. But from Winston’s and Julia’s sexual activity itself, other people won’t learn anything.
winston and julia3
Julia wouldn’t probably consider her sexual activity with Winston as a political act. To her it seems natural that the Party wanted to keep you from having a good time as much as you wanted to avoid being caught. Therefore for Julia,winston and julia what the Party does or says is of no importance as long as it doesn’t interfere with her life. She isn’t doing anything in order to change what she considers unchangeable, but simply doing as she pleases whenever she can, and that involves her sexual activity with Winston.

By: Monica Castro

In 1984, Newspeak is the official lannewspealguage of Oceania. It was created to fulfillthe needs of INGSOC, or English Socialism, and to make other modes of thought impossible. It is expected that Newspeak is totally adopted by 2050, and by then all heretical thought should be impossible, because thought depends on words.

The vocabulary of Newspeak is constructed as to give exact and subtle expression to every meaning that a Party member could express, while excluding all other meanings and also the ossibility of arriving at them by other methods. This is done by the creation of new words, and elimination of old words that enclosed the meaning of an “unorthodox” action.

In order to better illustrate the use Newspeak, below this lines you can find an article, followed by its “translation” to Newspeak.

California’s Worst Drought Ever Is 1st Taste of Future

The drought now plaguing California is the worst to parch the central and southern parts of the state in the last 1,200 years, a new study finds.

The 2012 to 2014 drought’s lack of rain isn’t remarkable on its own, according to tree-ring records reported in the study. There have been three-year periods when less rain and snow fell. But the current drought comes at a time of extreme heat. Record-high temperatures exacerbated the drought, creating the driest soil conditions since the 9th century, according to the study, published Dec. 3 in the journal Geophysical Research Letters.

“Precimpressive droughtipitation is not the whole story for California drought,” said lead study author Daniel Griffin, a tree-ring researcher at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis. “When we factor in temperature, this drought really stands out as an extreme and unprecedented case for the past 1,200 years.” [The 5 Worst Droughts in US History]

The new study was driven by curiosity, the researchers said. With the long view of a paleoclimatologist, co-author Kevin Anchukaitis said he was skeptical that the recent drought could be worse than some of California’s driest years. For instance, in 1580, one of the thirstiest years in the tree-ring record, rivers flowed at just a quarter of their usual volume, and giant sequoias grew no new wood. “Anytime you think it’s bad, we say, ‘You should have seen this [year],'” said Anchukaitis, a scientist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Massachusetts.

You can find original article by clicking here

Translated article:

California’s Doubleplusungood Dryness Everwise Is First Taste of Future

The dryness now hitting California is the doubleplusungooder to dry the central and southern parts of the country in the last 1,200 years, a present study finding.

The 2012 to 2014 dryness’ missing of rain is not doubleplusgood on it’s own, as shown from tree-ring records reported in the study. There have been three-year periods when unmore rain and snow fell. But the present dryness coming at a time of doubleplushigh warmth. Record-high temperatures doubleplusungooded the dryness, making the doubleplusdrier soil conditions since the 9th century, as shown by the study, published Dec. 3 in the newspaper Geophysical Rthisisdoubleplusungoodesearch Letters.

“Rain is not the whole story for California dryness.” worded directing study author Daniel Griffin, a tree-ring investigator at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis. “When we point at temperature, this dryness stands out as a doubleplusplenty and unbefored case for the past 1,200 years.”[The 5 Doubleplusungood Drynesses in US History]

The present study was directed by questioning, the investigators said. With the stretchy view of a paleoclimatologist, co-author Kevin Anchukaitis worded he was doubtful that the new dryness could be doubleplusungooder than some of California’s doubleplusdriest years. For that, in 1580, one of the doubleplusthirstiest years in the tree-ring record, rivers moving at just a quarter of their usual volume, and doubleplusbig trees growing no wood. “Anytime we think it’s ungood, we word, “You should have seeing this year,”  worded  Anchukaitis, an investigator at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Massachussets.

If you would like to know more about Newspaper, then watch the video below:

By: Monica Castro

“War is Peace. Freedom Is Slavery. Ignorance is Strength.” These are three slogans of the Party, Ingsoc. But what do they mean?

Ingsoc sloganSONY DSC

“War is Peace” means that while Oceania is at war with other countries, the people will maintain united because they have a common enemy. Therefore, by keeping war, people don’t have enemies inside the country, because they are busy fighting enemies outside the country. In 1984, the war isn’t even necessary, but is kept as a means to control the people.
The contradiction with this quote is that obviously war and peace are opposites. People can’t have peace when they feel threatened by a war, even if it is a foreign war. In 1984, people feel threatened by rocket bombs and Eurasian soldiers, when the real threat is the Party itself.
While it is true that war may incite nationalism in a country, and people unite, it causes more tension and suffering than union.

“Freedom is Slavery” means that the man who follows his will isn’t really free, because he is unprotected from the failures he Freedom is Slaverycan get from bad decisions. Not following the Party is slavery, but by following the Party people are given the notion that they are getting the rights they need and that their life is better than it used to be. For the civilians in 1984 it makes sense, because they barely know what the past and freedom are. The Party had delineated freedom as the corrupt, what they shouldn’t do anyways.
The contradiction in this quote, as in the previous one, is that we are equating two opposites. People need freedom in order to know what freedom is. Freedom enables you to do as you want and believe. If you are a slave, you don’t have an identity because your master sets it for you.
While it is true that when you have freedom you can take many bad decisions, failing is a part of being human. No group of humans, not even Party members, can perpetually prevent people from failing.

“Ignorance is Strength” means that the least the people know the better, because they will not be able to contradict the Party. The Party calls any thought that goes against them “Thought Crime”, when in reality, people may just think what is factually true, not what the Party says is true. Besides, there is no way the people can contradict the Party witIgnorance is Strengthhout seeming to be wrong. The strength of the party relies in the ignorance of the people.
The contradiction in this quote is that as we see nowadays, the more knowledge you have the more powerful you are. This is because the person who has more information has more advantage in managing a situation. It’s easier for that person to convince others to follow him/her. Without knowledge, people are subject to obedience.
The Party is really clever in preventing some information to get to the people, because ironically knowledge is personal strength while ignorance is Party strength. So they aren’t really wrong in saying ignorance is strength, they are just wrong in making people believe that ignorance is the type of strength that is favorable for everyone.